Basic Wine Making Phases & Instructions

Have you ever wanted your own vineyard? Wouldn’t it be fun to have a place where you could cultivate the flavors and aromas that you love most in wine? You don’t need a rolling California countryside estate or even expensive equipment to get started. Here we’ve given the steps necessary to turn your kitchen into a legitimate winery.

Equipment needed to make wine:
• 1 clean and dry gallon jug
• I medium mixing bowl
• An empty kitchen sink
• Funnel
• Balloon-a plain kid’s birthday party balloon is perfect
• Large cheese cloth

Ingredients needed for a basic table red wine:
• 18 lbs. ripe red grapes
• Sugar if desired
• 1 packet wine yeast
• 1 gallon water

Country wines, the official name for homemade wines, can be the most flavorful and complicated wines on earth. Since country wines are made with the passion and inspiration of one or two people, there tends to be much more heart and body in county wines. There are many stories of people who started out making country wines as a hobby and ended up with a commercially marketed wine.

Follow these steps and then invite your friends over for a wine tasting party:

Flavor Extraction Phase

This step evokes images of little women stomping on grapes with their bare feet. The art of flavor extraction is a rather messy art. You can lessen the mess involved by using concentrated juice. However, to have more control over the flavor of the wine, smash your own grapes and add the sugar at your discretion.

Extracting the flavor of the grape is actually the practice of extracting the juice from the grape. When this juice is diluted with water, this mixture is called the ‘must.’

1. Sanitize your equipment.
2. Boil water until it reaches 145 degrees Fahrenheit.
3. If you wish to have a sweet wine, add the sugar to the water now.
4. Add the must to the water and turn off heat. Let this mixture cool naturally.
5. Pour this mixture into the one gallon container and place the container in the empty kitchen sink.

Fermentation Phase

When the yeast is added to the must/water mix, the process of fermentation begins. This phase is very important because it creates the alcoholic content in the wine.

While the must/water is cooling in the gallon jug, move on to these following steps:

6. The yeast packet should come with instructions. If so, follow those instructions in case the yeast needs special preparation. If the packet does not include instructions, dissolve one tablespoon sugar to ¼ cup of warm water in the mixing bowl.
7. Add the packet of yeast and allow it to sit for eight to ten minutes. The mixture should begin foaming and bubbling up.
8. After the ten or so minutes are up, use the funnel to pour the yeast into the gallon container.
9. Use the container’s cap to seal it and shake this mixture very well.
10. Remove the cap and use the balloon to cover the top of container. The balloon allows the CO2 to leave the mixture.

Clarification Phase

Now it is time to siphon the wine from the yeast. When the yeast has sunk to the bottom of the container, you can begin the clarification process.

11. Using the large mixing bowl, and perhaps another person to help, stretch the cheese cloth over the bowl and pour the container’s contents into the bowl. The cheese cloth will catch all the yeast and the wine will be poured into the bowl.

Bottling Phase

Use used wine bottles that come with corks to store your country wine. Plastic stoppers can also be used if necessary.

12. Simply pour your wine into the bottles and cork the bottles up.