Facts You Didn’t Know About Wine

  • There are over a half a pound of grapes in a five ounce glass of wine.
  • Almost 90% of all wine made in the US is made in California.
  • The record for the longest champagne cork pop flight was 177 feet 9 inches. This occurred in New York at Woodbury Vineyards.
  • People were making wine long before the building of any of the ancient stone monuments in existence, including the Pyramids.
  • The oldest evidence of wine making was found in a Neolithic village in what is now the country of Georgia, and dates from around 6,000 BC, and predates the cultivation of grapes, which it’s estimated began in 3,200 BC in what is now southern Turkey.
  • Wine differs in caloric content, with a range from around 80 to 100 calories in a 4 oz glass. Dry wines have less calories than very sweet wines. There is no fat and no cholesterol in any wine.
  • Some red wine is made from green grapes. It’s the skin and pulp left in the must during the first round of fermentation that imparts color to the wine, not the color of the grape. Conversely, white zinfandel is made from a grape with a red skin. Most champagnes come from red grapes.
  • Wine grapes are grown on every continent except Antarctica.
  • Because wine was a big part of the Catholic religious service, it was the expansion of the Catholic Church that brought grapevines and winemaking to many far flung parts of the world, including the Americas.
  • Most people think that the vintage year is the year the wine was bottled. This is not necessarily true, especially with white wines, which, in some northern locations, were not bottled the same year that the grapes were picked.
  • Canada has become famous for its Icewine, made from riesling or vidal grapes that have frozen on the vine. Icewine is considered one of the world’s best wines, and is a dessert wine.
  • A Sommelier is a Professional Wine Master who has achieved certification in the Art of Wine from the International Sommelier Guild, and is knowledgeable about the different wines, wine regions, vintages, food pairings and more. Sommeliers are also responsible for training waitstaff in serving wine. Top dining establishments have a Sommelier on staff.
  • Approximately 76,000 square kilometers of the world are dedicated to growing grapes. Approximately 71% of all grapes grown are used for wine production. Spain has the most acreage used for growing wine-making grapes, followed by France, Italy, Turkey and the US.
  • The French Paradox is the tendency for French people, who eat a diet high in animal fat, to have less weight problems, less heart disease, and lower levels of cholesterol than people elsewhere who eat less animal fat. The French Paradox appears to result from the regular consumption of red wine in the French diet. Recent scientific evidence credits the wine polyphenols, such as resveratrol, for this result.
  • There is no such thing as a sulfite free wine, since sulfites occur naturally during the winemaking process. It is possible, however, to purchase a wine that has no additional sulfites added during the winemaking process. Those who are allergic to sulfites might consider avoiding wine altogether.
  • It is the histamines that occur naturally in the skin of certain grapes that can cause a headache in people who are sensitive to histamines. In general, red wine has more histamines since the grape skins are used in the creation of red wines for far longer.
  • The cost of a bottle of wine does not correlate directly to the quality of the wine in that bottle.
  • 164 countries import wines made in California.
  • Thomas Jefferson stocked the wine cellars of the first five US Presidents, which included himself as the third US President. Jefferson especially liked Madeira and Bordeaux.
  • Pigeage is the French word for stomping grapes with your feet.
  • The first mention of wine in the Bible is in the 9th Chapter of the Book of Genesis. Noah planted a vineyard and “he drank of the wine and was drunken.”