The Essentials of Wine Making

Learning to make your own wine is an opportunity to make something that everyone will enjoy. Not only is wine delicious, it also has many health benefits, as well. All you need to have on hand to make your own wine is a few basic tools, and you are ready to create a new flavor right in your kitchen.

Your Ingredients

One of the best things about making your own wine is that you can make any flavor that you choose. If you are interested in experimenting, you can make dozens and dozens of different combinations, including strawberry, grape, and muscadine wine. Obviously these are traditional choices, but you can spice it up by adding spices like cinnamon or vanilla, or even chocolate.

You will need to take your fruit and clean it carefully before beginning the extraction process. Make sure that you have cleaned the kitchen tools that you will be using carefully. Most items will need to be boiled to kill any bacteria, which can easily ruin your whole batch of wine. The next step is to juice your fruit. Fresh fruit is ideal for wine making, but you can also use fruit juice if you wish.

Fermenting Your Wine

After you have extracted your fruit, you will need to ferment the juices to make wine. For this step in the process, you need to have a large, lidded container. The lid is intended to keep contaminants out, while letting the carbon monoxide that is produced as a by product escape. When you add your fruit, you will also need to add sugar and yeast.

The actual amount of sugar and yeast that you will need varies depending on the fruit that you choose. Concord grapes, for example, require about six pounds of sugar and one teaspoon of yeast per five gallons of wine. You will find that having a specific recipe on hand will assist you in getting the amounts perfectly right each and every time that you make wine at home.

During this process, you will need to use a hydrometer. A hydrometer tells you when you need to add sugar and can tell you the alcohol content of your wine. Typically, your wine will end up having about a 12% alcohol content if you follow the recipe correctly and use the right ingredients.

Time Needed

The process of making wine will take about four weeks from start to finish. You will want to watch your wine for signs of being completed. Some of the signs that your wine has finished fermenting include the sinking of the yeast. This means that the wine needs to be moved into a second fermentation container. Many people call this step of the process siphoning.

Making your own wine does take some practice, particularly if you are trying to make your own recipe. You can use practically any fruit, including ginger, apricots, and figs. Traditional fruits, such as grapes and strawberries, are often just as simple as more exotic fruits to work with during the wine making process. The key is to make sure that you have wine making yeast, rather than regular yeast that you purchase in the grocery store.

Wine should be stored in a cool, dry place out of the sunlight once you have completed the wine making process. You will definitely want to invest in a few darker colored glass bottles and some corks to store your wine properly.